Communication/Speech-Language Strategies & Supports

By Sandra Rief

  • Check that student’s hearing has been tested recently.
  • Have the student repeat or  paraphrase what you or other students are saying.
  • Increase the amount of ‘wait  time’ (at least 5 seconds) to enable student to respond to questions.
  • Utilize partner responses and small group structures whenever possible to increase opportunities to verbalize and communicate.
  • Utilize pictures and pictorial clues to increase comprehension.
  • Explicitly teach vocabulary, parts of speech and sentence expansion.
  • Label objects in the environment.
  • Consult with your speech/language  therapist.
  • Teach oral language skills and be a good language model.
  • Provide many opportunities for learning and practicing phonological & phonemic awareness ( rhyming, segmentation, blending) and word play.
  • Supplement any oral directions with demonstrations and visuals.
  • Provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate knowledge and mastery in a variety of ways.
  • Assign a student buddy to help whenever additional assistance is needed to understand directions.
  • Foster a low-anxiety environmen  in the classroom.
  • Utilize context to help convey meaning.
  • Speak in natural voice but slower and more clearly.
  • Check frequently for comprehension.
  • Provide many opportunities for vocabulary building.
  • Provide activities that teach and allow practice in classification and categorization of objects, words and pictures.
  • Provide access to good language models from adults and peers.
  • Use only essential information when giving directions.
  • Repeat and/or rephrase key directions and concepts.
  • Use real objects, concrete materials, manipulatives, and visuals to get across meaning.
  • Use gestures, body language, and facial expressions to maximize communication.

©2012, Sandra Rief